Guangzhou Travel Guide

Discover Guangzhou Self Guided Book is written by Janvi Tours, formerly Guangzhou Private Tour Guide Janvi or Guangzhou Tour Guide Janvi

Written by J. C.
Published August 2018

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Home Travel Guide Main Attractions Huanghuagang Martyr's Park

Huanghuagang Martyr's Park

Huanghuagang Martyr's Park

The tomb of 72 Revolutionary Martys at Huanghuagang is located at middle Xianlie Road. Huanghuagang Martyr's Park covers an area of 13, 200 square meters. It was built to memorize the martyrs killed in the Guangzhou Uprising that was led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen on April 27th, 1911. It is where the remains of the 72 martyrs were buried after the uprising. In 1912, the Guangdonggovernment built a mausoleum at the site, which was renamed Huanghuagang Park in 1935.

We can see that it is similar to a triumphal arch. Its front gate has three arches, on which are engraved four golden characters inscribed by Dr. Sun Yat-sen, meaning that a noble spirit will never perish. The main buildings are the martyrs' coffin pit and a memorial archway. The square coffin pit is surrounded by 4 stone railings of 17. 5 meters. In the center is a grave pavilion, just like a Hanging bell, housing a "72 martyrs' Grave" gravestone. Behind the coffin pit is a memorial archway built-in memory of the 72 martyrs' great sacrifice during the formation of the Republic of China. At the top stands a 3. 4-meter-high stone Statue of Liberty, demonstrating that the revolutionary martyrs were unremitting in their pursuit of liberty and democracy.

On the day of the Guangzhou Uprising, Huang Xing led a revolutionary vanguard consisting of 160 members to fight against the army of the Qing Dynasty for a whole night. It resulted in a devastating defeat with great loss because of the overwhelming number of troops and limited ammunition and food supplies. Later the number of martyrs was found to be 86. Taking the risk of being killed after the uprising, Pan Dawei, a member of the revolutionary party gathered and buried 72 bodies together at Honghuagang. Pan also wrote an article to give the burial details to the public, hoping that people would always remember those heroes who gave their lives for the dream of social progress. Then Honghuagang was changed to be Huanghuagang and the uprising was called the Huanghuagang Uprising. Dr. Sun Yat-sen said the uprising would make the world cry and the spirits weep. Though the uprising failed, it aroused the fighting will of the whole country: uprisings spread like a storm and rose one after another around China, making full preparations for the Chinese revolution. Half a year later, the Wuchang Uprising succeeded and the Qing government was overthrown, at last, ending 2, 000 years' history of feudal monarchist's absolute rule in China.